Detecting Power Grid Synchronization Failure on Sensing Frequency or Voltage beyond Acceptable Range


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The project is designed to develop a system to detect the synchronization failure of any?external supply source to the power grid on sensing the abnormalities in frequency and voltage.

There are several power generation units connected to the grid such as hydel, thermal, solar etc to supply power to the load. These generating units need to supply power according to the rules of the grid. These rules involve maintaining a voltage variation within limits and also the frequency.

If any deviation from the acceptable limit of the grid it is mandatory that the same feeder should automatically get disconnected from the grid which by effect is termed as islanding. This prevents in large scale brown out or black out of the grid power. So it is preferable to have a system which can warn the grid in advance so that alternate arrangements are kept on standby to avoid complete grid failure.

This system is based on a microcontroller of 8051 family. The microcontroller monitors the under/over voltage being derived from a set of comparators. As the frequency of the mains supply cannot be changed, the project uses a variable frequency generator (555-timer) for changing the frequency, while a standard variac is used to vary the input voltage to test the functioning of the project.

A lamp load (indicating a predictable blackout, brownout) being driven from the microcontroller in case of voltage/frequency going out of acceptable range

Further the project can be enhanced by using power electronic devices to isolate the grid from the erring supply source by sensing cycle by cycle deviation for more sophisticated means of detection.

Hardware Requirements

  • 8051 series Microcontroller
  • LCD
  • Op-Amps
  • 555 timer
  • Crystal
  • Resistors
  • Capacitors
  • Diodes
  • Transformer
  • Voltage Regulator
  • Relay
  • Transistors
  • Slide Switch
  • Lamp

Software Requirements

  • Keil compiler
  • Language: Embedded C or Assembly.


Q.What is the validity of the course?
Ans: It will be valid till one month from date of registration.
Q. Will the course cover hardware description?
Ans: Yes. It will cover hardware too.
Q. How many times lectures can be watched?
Ans: You can access a video lecture n no. of times during validity of your course.
Q. Will I get the certificate after completion of my course?
Ans: Yes every candidate will be awarded with certificate of training within two weeks after completion.
Q. Can I use this website in my mobile phone?
Ans: Yes but pc mode will be preferable for better understanding.
Q. Can we learn from other user registration id?
Ans: No. because we will trace the IP address of your pc, laptop, mobile if it is found unmatched with the registered id, registration will cancelled automatically and user will debarred from all services including certification.
Q: Will we get software package.
Ans: Yes u will get software package before proceeding to tutorials with how to install notes.

Block Diagram